Modern industrial packaging of bread allows to preserve its integrity and freshness, is designed to minimize harmful effects and ensure the sterility of products, in some cases has information and logistical marking, which is very important with Terms of attraction for large networks. In addition, colorful packaging differentiates the same products on the shelves of trading enterprises and acts as an important marketing tool to attract consumer attention.
To please, on the one hand,-a civilized buyer, and on the other-network stores, bakers has long been at the production level to solve the issue of packaging of their products. And, of course, the integration of the packaging process into the production chain leads to its cost.
Taking into account a number of above mentioned advantages, which has packaged production, and also low margin of bread, it is desirable, that the packing area was optimal in terms of cost-effect ratio. Let's consider various variants of packing of bakery production.
From the marketing point of view attractive paper (or combined paper-plastic) packets with multi-color printing, which is laid premium baked bread. Laid out in a wicker basket paper bags with French baguettes, certainly attract the attention of all buyers without exception, deterring many only a price tag. However, this packaging lacks the same as the open plastic bag: no protection against penetration of pollution and weathering. However, manufacturers of packaging machines offer a solution to the problem-packaging in a paper paminirovannyj sleeve with a hollow perforated poliolefinovogo material. Perforiro-Bathroom packing perfectly "breathes" and does not mists, though perforation and does not eliminate a regular ocherstvenija of a product. As a result, the packaging looks fresh and modern. The downside is one: expensive.
One of the most affordable hygienic packaging options is wrapping the products in a stretch film. Thanks to the increased adhesive ability of the surface and high plasticity, it makes the packing process very convenient. However, the packaging of bread in a stretch film has a number of disadvantages: high consumption of material, inability to package hot products, the lack of ability to automate. It is much preferable to pack the product in a POLIOLEFINOVYJ package that is manually or automatically corkeded with a clip, adhesive tape or quick-lock lock.
The most affordable option for the packaging of bread-is the use of bags of polyethylene (low or high pressure) with simple decorative and information printing. However, in addition to the reasonable price and suitable for packing physical and mechanical properties, there are no other advantages of this type of packing. And there are enough shortcomings. First, this material is characterized by low transparency: the bread in such packages looks like behind the frosted glass, as a result of which the packaging loses some of its attractiveness. Secondly, polyethylene has a low gloss: Experts note that this circumstance has a psychological aspect, influencing the perception of the buyer. The consumer has a feeling that the bread lay in the store for more than one day, and there is a desire to search for a product in another package. As polyethylene does not differ high temperature resistance, in polyethylene bags it is impossible to pack hot production, therefore, in case of their use inevitably will be lost time at cooling of the baked production. The thickness of the package material from the Mon is 10-15 microns, LDPE-20-30 microns.
Polypropylene films (PP) thickness from 25 to 35 microns due to the optimal ratio of physical and mechanical properties and cost, perhaps, are the most optimal choice for the packaging of bakery products. From extruded and dvuosno-oriented polypropylene films are made so-called ordinary and wicket-bags for packing a wide range of bakery and confectionery products. In the Russian market you can find a large number of offers for wholesale deliveries of packages of various types: with and without printing, for manual laying, with valve n without, for automated packing (with wicket-holes on the valve), with micro-perforation, with bottom Folding and without, etc. Polypropylene packages have several undeniable advantages, making their choice optimal in terms of price/quality ratio:
- Excellent optical properties (high transparency);
- Decent barrier properties;
- Good permeability;
- Possibility of application of qualitative printing;
- High temperature resistance (it is possible to pack hot products).
The simplest way of packing in packages-completely manual work. However, manual packaging is not an optimal solution for industrial production in terms of specific labor productivity and overall production efficiency. Therefore, Hlebokombinaty and industrializers on the feet of the bakery try to pack their products into packages using different machines.
Clipper: Semiautomatic and Automatic
This type of equipment allows to cork bags by means of plastic or aluminum clips. Quick-Lock locks are also of great popularity, which provide significantly greater possibilities in terms of labelling and color design due to the variety of their colors, sizes, the possibility of attaching additional Labels and printing on the flat surface of the lock. However, to work with quick-Lock clips requires machines equipped with appropriate devices for application of locks quick-Losk.
For shops and small bakeries where semi-automatic and manual hpeborezatelnye machines are used, the manual clipper of domestic or import production will suit (the approximate price of such device irrespective of a mark-from 1000 to 2000 euros). It automatically installs the clip on the neck of the package, the product is loaded into the package manually. However, special pneumatic disclosing packages are offered to facilitate and speed up the loading process. For large bakeries con-UNIDO fully automatic machines. Such equipment is widely represented in the Russian market. It is produced by the following companies: Hoba, Jongerius Hanco, Ibonhart, Georg Hartmann, etc. Each of the companies offers a fairly wide range of packaging equipment from the simplest semi clippers up to fully automatic lines, equipped with feed and leading systems.
Another type of capping packages-they sealinged with a nested inside the product with the help of PAKETOSVAROCHNYH machines. Recently the market has appeared a significant number of similar devices, produced both in Russia and Ukraine, and abroad (mainly China, Taiwan and South Korea). In terms of price-performance ratios, hand-held welding machines are ideal for small businesses and mini-bakeries. Welders of packages (their performance usually does not exceed 250 pack/hour) can have a table or floor design, differing in size and length of a seam. Floor models are equipped with different heating systems. Direct heating is provided with a single termoshiny and is designed for thin films. Double heating is carried out, respectively, by two termoshinami (reconciliation and bottom), allowing to make sealing of packages from more dense materials, for example, laminated films. Boxed Bakery products can be produced and with the help of standard semi TERMOUPANOVOCHNYH devices chamber or tunnel type.
The cost of such equipment directly depends on the manufacturer's brand and the level of productivity (from 800 euros for the simplest models of domestic production, up to 2.5 thousand. Euro for cars of European companies). Paketosvarochnye machines can also be offered as part of an automated line by specialized manufacturers of bread cutting and packaging equipment.
Packing of bread on Termoformerah
It is obvious that the packaging of bakery products using TERMOFORMUJUSHHIH packaging machines is quite a new direction. However, in Europe and the USA already presented bread products, packed in hermetically sealed trays. Firstly, Upanovka in multilayer barrier Thermo-mouldable films allows to create excellent protection for a product from any influences of an external environment. Secondly, the use of modified gas environments naturally extends the shelf life of the product without the need for chemical preservatives. Already now many European bakeries apply thermoformed sealed trays for the packaging of partially baked bread products with deferred baking to full readiness, as well as premium bread with unique recipes for its obvious Differentiation on the counter. and the presence of special layers ensures the ease of opening the package and the possibility of its re-capping.
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