Sample business plan to organize a small self-service laundry in a city with a population of 600 thousand. Residents.
- How much money you need to start a business
- Step plan of opening a laundry
- Description of products and services offered
- What room to choose for the opening of the laundry
- What equipment to choose for this business
- What tax system to choose for opening a laundry
- Marketing and advertising Laundry
- Financial calculation, profitability and return on business
- How much you can earn on this business
- What okved to specify at registration of activity
- What documents are needed to start a business
- Do I need permission to do business
- Laundry opening Technology
How much money you need to start a business
According to the preliminary calculations of the business plan, the opening of the business will need to invest about 2 030 000 rubles:
- Repair and design of the premises – 400 000 rub.
- Set of equipment "self-service Laundry turnkey"-1 230 000 rubles.
- Advertising budget-50 000 rubles.
- Approval, documentation preparation, commissioning-50 000 rub.
- Business registration and other expenses – 100 000 rub.
- Reserve Fund – 200 000 rub.
Step plan of opening a laundry
The organization of the business will take place in the following sequence:
- Market analysis and evaluation of investment prospects
- Search for project financing sources
- Finding the location of the future laundry
- Search for potential equipment suppliers
- Registration of business, creation of the printing, opening of the current account
- Conclusion of the lease of premises
- Repair and design of premises, creation of conditions corresponding to requirements of SES and fire safety
- Acquisition, delivery and installation of equipment
- Search and employment of personnel
- Active Advertising Services
Description of products and services offered
Our laundry will work mainly on the principle of self-service, that is, customers will use washing machines and dryers themselves. It will be possible to leave clothes and underwear to our administrators who carry out all work for the client (at an additional cost).
The working conditions of the laundry will be constructed so that the whole washing process will take no more than 2-2.5 hours. This is planned to be achieved by installing powerful, modern, capacious machines.
Our company plans to render services not only for private individuals, but also for boarding houses, hotels, hotels, public catering enterprises and other legal entities and individual entrepreneurs. Also will be offered services of washing of working clothes (in T. H. for medical institutions). For many of these organizations, laundry services are vital not only in terms of cleanliness but also in terms of the law.
Our laundry price list will look as follows:
- Washing up to 5 kg-120 rub.
- Drying up to 5 kg-100 rub.
- Service lux (washing, drying and laying in a package, up to 5 kg)-300 rub.
- Washing and drying of insulated clothes (down jackets, jacket)-350 rub/PCs.
- Washing and drying of blanket/plaid/cover-350 rub/PCs.
When washing clothes or underwear over 5 kg, the payment of services will be carried out in double the amount of the current price.
In addition, the client can additionally purchase:
- Washing powder (myth)-10 rubles. Portion)
- Washing powder/Wash Gel "Ariel" – 20 rub. Portion)
- Air conditioner "Lenor" – 15 rub. Portion)
- Bleach, "ACE" powder amplifier-25 rub. Portion)
- Stain "Vanish"-35 rub. Portion)
- Ironing of direct linen on the rink-20 rubles. per unit.
According to our calculations, the average service receipt will be 400 rubles. And the average attendance of the laundry after the promotion of business (3-6 months) will be approximately 750 people per month. The potential revenue thus will be 300 000 rubles per month.
What room to choose for the opening of the laundry
To accommodate the laundry plan to rent a room of 120 square meters. M. At a price of 400 rub/m2. Monthly rent payments will be 48 000 rubles. The choice of premises will be based on compliance with the requirements of Sanpin 979-72 (the same as those presented to):
- Presence of separate premises for reception of dirty clothes and delivery of clean;
- Availability of inlet and exhaust ventilation;
- Ceiling overlap over the laundry should ensure proper vapor, heat and sound insulation;
- Height of ceilings not less than 3.6 meters;
- The presence of water supply, sewerage and central heating is obligatory.
The laundry will be divided into several rooms:
- Room for visitors;
- Technical premises;
- Sanitary and household premises;
- Warehouse and office space.
What equipment to choose for this business
Production capacity of our laundry will allow to process up to 90 kg of linen or clothes per hour. This requires only two employees. The set of equipment (a laundry turnkey) will cost 1 230 000 rubles. It will include:
- Washing and squeezing machines of European production (loading up to 8 kg) – 4 pcs.
- Drying machines, Production USA-Europe (loading up to 8 kg) – 3 PCs.
- Coin-Token-receivers-7 PCs.
- Variation unit, combined with the machine for the sale of powder-1 pc.
- Double bath-washing-1 pc.
- Table Rack-1 pc.
- Rack-1 PC.
- Basins for lingerie on 30l. -6 PCs.
- Water purification System – 1 pc.
As the personnel of the organization according to the business plan, employ administrators (2 persons) and handymen (2 persons) are planned. Current management issues, as well as the promotion of laundry services, will be handled by the manager. The total staff will be 5 people, with a monthly wage fund of 83 thousand. Rubles. Also, the organization will need an accountant whose services are planned to take on outsourcing. It is not advantageous to maintain such an employee in the state. Payments under the agreement will be 7 thousand. Rub. Per month.
What tax system to choose for opening a laundry
The organizational and legal form of the laundry will be individual entrepreneurship, registered in the local tax service. As a system of taxation it is planned to apply USN – simplified system of taxation, 15% from profit of the organization.
Marketing and advertising Laundry
From the point of view of attracting the first clients our laundry will be in a very advantageous place. There are a number of student hostels just 150 metres away. Those who live in the dormitory do not have their own washing machines, which means that they are potential customers.
In addition, the building is located in a very passable place, next to the road with convenient access roads. The advertising we place on the building will be visible to all passing machines.
Our main task after the opening of the laundry-to declare the widest possible audience of potential clients. It is necessary to allocate the following from obligatory advertising actions aimed at promotion of services:
- Distribution of leaflets in the first days of opening the laundry with the indication of large discounts to the first customers. Mostly it will be places near hostels and a large shopping center, located next to our building.
- Direct detours of large potential clients-cafes and restaurants, medical institutions, kindergartens, industrial organizations, etc. Dr.
- Advertising on the Internet, placing information on bulletin boards (incl. H. On Avito).
- Launch of contests and discount programs through popular Internet services: "Biglion", "kuponator", etc.
Financial calculation, profitability and return on business
Let's proceed to calculation of the basic indicators of economic efficiency of business.
Regular monthly expenses of the Organization:
- Rent of premises-48 000 rub.
- Salary-83 000 rub.
- Deductions to extra-budgetary funds – 24 900 rubles.
- Accounting (Outsourcing) – 7 000 rub.
- Municipal expenses – 30 000 rub.
- Other expenses – 20 000 rub.
Total-212 900 rub.
The cost structure of the plan is as follows:
Calculation of gross and net profit is presented in the table-Forecast of income and expenses of laundry:
How much you can earn on this business
According to preliminary calculations, the company's net profit in the first year of operation will average 74 035 rubles per month. Profitability is 34.7%. At such indicators the project pays off for 28 months of work.
This is a complete, ready project that you will not find in the free access.
Business Plan content: 1. Konfindencialnost 2. Summary 3. Stages of project implementation 4. Object characteristic 5. Marketing Plan 6. Technical and economic data of the equipment 7. Financial plan 8. Risk Assessment 9. Financial and economic substantiation of investments 10. Conclusions
What okved to specify at registration of activity
The following okved codes must be specified when registering the laundry:
- 01 – Washing, chemical cleaning, dyeing of textile products;
- 84 – Other services;
- 05 – Other personal services;
- 70-cleaning and cleaning of residential and industrial premises, cars.
What documents are needed to start a business
Making and starting a laundry is not difficult, although it is considered a troublesome occupation. First, you will need to register a PI by submitting a photocopy of the passport to the Tax Inspectorate, writing a statement and payinging the state fee. Next, it is necessary to examine the requirements of the SES to laundries and comply with all requirements of the service.
To obtain permission from Rospotrebnadzor, you must provide:
- The program of production control, which indicates exactly how to meet the requirements of the SES.
- A contract with a company that deals with the disposal of used fluorescent lamps.
- Contract with the company for cleaning the ventilation.
- Agreement with the company on the disposal of solid domestic waste.
- Contract for the provision of services for deratization, disinfection, disinsection.
Do I need permission to do business
You will need to obtain permission to open a:
- Fire inspection;
- Labour protection services;
- public services;
- Architectural Bureau of the city.
There is no need to make a license to open a laundry.
Laundry opening Technology
It is necessary to start a laundry only after studying the target audience. The clients of the company can be both private persons and public services. Only after drawing up of business plan it is possible to start search of the premise which maximally corresponded to requirements of controlling bodies. Only after the conclusion of the lease agreement you can start to purchase the equipment and install it. It is not necessary to forget also about carrying out of advertising campaign. Advertising, distribution of business cards will help to start the activity more quickly.
Прочитали? А теперь посмотрите 10 правил успеха в бизнесе от гениального бизнесмена Джека Ма
Его стартовый капитал в 20000 долларов ему помогли собрать жена и друг. Он первый бизнесмен с материкового Китая, чьё фото было опубликовано на обложке журнала Forbes. Он является самым богатым человеком в Китае и 18-м в списке самых богатых людей в мире. Его состояние оценивается в 29,7 миллиарда долларов. Его зовут Джек Ма, и он является основателем Alibaba.com, и вот его 10 правил успеха: